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Top 9 JS Frameworks for Developers

Updated: Aug 25, 2022

Web development and JavaScript have become synonymous with each other. In recent times, that statement holds now more than ever, with 68.62% of 83,052 global respondents to a survey choosing JavaScript as the most popular web programming language (for the 9th year in a row).

The programming language’s versatility has spawned several frameworks. They allow developers to use JavaScript as a malleable programming syntax to compose different applications with in-demand features.

The following 9 JavaScript frameworks are helping web developers break new ground.

1. Grails

Grails is one of the newer JavaScript framework entrants on this list, that has quickly garnered a following in the global developer community. The framework prides itself on its ‘flat learning curve’, Agile-friendly development, and code reusability.

The framework presents a ‘convention-over-configuration’ programming style and uses opinionated APIs. The framework’s foundation majorly relies on Spring Boot, for time-efficient features like dependency injection.

Grail helps with seamless Java integration (JVM), and Java EE containers, and composes programs using Apache Groovy, the optionally-typed dynamic language with added scope for static typing and compilation.

Grails also boast an in-built testing framework, asynchronous capabilities, RESTful API support, and a community-fuelled plugins library.

2. Struts

Another open-source JavaScript framework that brings a fresh and elegant programming methodology to the table, is Apache Struts. This framework also abides by the policy of ‘convention-over-configuration', in its MVC-style approach.

Thus, developers have better control over centralized XML configuration and property files. You can also extend Struts support using a plugin architecture. Struts also ships out-of-the-box with REST, AJAX, and JSON plugins to help accelerate web dev projects.

Struts help set form inputs to form beans so they are not required to set to the value object. You can also derive the output of the Java Bean components.

Struts also cater to HTTP Request/Response cycle capabilities, thread creation, and management, servlet and web container deployment, and an MVC-based development approach for organizing and deploying modern web development.

3. Micronaut

Micronaut is a small but extremely powerful JS framework that is compatible with several languages- namely, Java, Groovy, Scala, and Kotlin. It is the ideal framework for modern enterprises that are low on tech budget and know-how.

Micronaut readies your app for cloud-native development with smooth API visibility. Its in-built cloud support assists with discovery services, distributed tracing, and cloud runtimes. Fast and easy testing with optimized developer productivity, and fast data access configuration.

Micronaut simplifies API development and separation of data-access layers with easy-to-understand configurations. Its seamless, aspect-oriented APIs render fast AOT compile times and easy client-side integrations (with OpenAPI and Swagger).

4. Ember

EmberJS needs no introduction, as the framework is well-beloved by frontend developers. Ember gives you a scalable UI architecture baked-in from the start. It comes out-of-the-box with a CLI that doubles as a code-generator with built-in auto-reloading and development cues.

You can even automate warnings in the event the code practices deviate from the norm. Technology is less of a barrier with the Ember project as the style and structure remain the same, only the program's scale and the target user, features, etc. differ.

Ember also helps with modern Web2.0-ready, SEO-enhanced web app/page nomenclature. It also supports smart URL routing with incremental data fetching, nested loading, and error-substates, and adds data layer separation and test-driven development.

Ember also has high-quality add-ons and npm packages for state management, authentication, translation, deployment, etc.

5. Wicket

Wicket is a JavaScript framework from Apache that specifically caters to Java server-side script development. Wicket lets you use pure Java and HTML integration by using the ‘wicket: id attribute'. The open-source framework can even auto-generate JS code from JQuery.

You don’t even need to couple the POST and GET methods thanks to its simple state management. Expect Java modularization with the latest Java TDD libraries, like JUnit 5, Selenium, and Puppeteer at your disposal.

Wicket comes out of the box with Java EE APIs decoupled from monolithic application code. It accelerates transitions to future Java Enterprise editions. You can further update dependencies for your Wicket codebase using Apache Maven.

6. Dropwizard

If you are planning to develop performance-driven RESTful web services with JavaScript, then your safest bet is DropWizard. Dropwizard is also a terrific JS framework alternative for developing complex microservices.

The open-source framework has a consummate library comprising of components like JUnit, Jetty, Jersey, Guava, etc., alongside Dropwizard’s Metrics library for application code metrics.

Dropwizard can facilitate dependencies using any dependency injection framework like Apache Maven, Guice, CDI, or Dagger. It even allows you to conduct ‘health checks on your application.

7. jQuery

jQuery came second with 34.52% of the votes In a survey with 49,941 respondents, as the 2nd-most popular JavaScript framework for web development. It was dethroned from its position as the numero uno framework by none other than ReactJS.

jQuery is responsible for the effects and transitive animations that users experience on your app or site. Jquery content is more efficient than flash and detectable by SEO bots too.

The JS library offers simplified DOM tree traversal and management. The lightweight framework also finds favour with developers for basic web application development with basic event-handling, animation, AJAX programming, and HTML document traversal.

8. Angular

Angular is an extensible JS framework that has withstood the test of time by allowing developers to extend HTML vocabulary in their codebase even when they have to deal with dynamic content and views.

Angular abides by a ModelView Whatever approach with superlative controller manipulation capabilities. Lazy-load modules eliminate the logical elements compartmentalizing your business components

It further enables you to set up custom, event-driven model change conditions for DOM updates. Its nifty inclusion of data-binding and the Ivy rendering engine eliminates the need for manual DOM manipulation and manualized data state management.

Angular’s material design library makes even the most complex and monotonous enterprise apps into engaging UIs. You also get reusable components, plug-and-play components, parallel application development, app localization, form validation, and server communication.

By extending dependency injection and testability, Angular has managed to secure a future in modern web development, well into 2022.

9. ReactJS

ReactJS is a name that has become synonymous with modern, API-driven JavaScript services- where truly, one has to live under the proverbial rock to never cross paths with this framework. Currently, React powers 2.9% of all the website services online that use JavaScript; and, why not? Sample this, a comprehensive list of programming requirements, that you can meet with ReactJS:

  • Web Panels

  • Web Hosting Providers

  • Data Center Providers

  • Advertising Networks

  • DNS Server Providers

  • Email Server Providers

  • Content Management Systems

  • Server-side Programming Languages

  • Client-side Programming Languages

  • Markup Languages

  • Character Encodings

  • Image File Formats

  • Top Level Domains

  • Server Locations

  • Content Languages

  • CSS Frameworks

  • Web Servers

  • SSL Certificate Authorities

  • JavaScript Content Delivery Networks

  • Reverse Proxy Services

  • Traffic Analysis Tools

  • Tag Managers

  • Structured Data Formats

  • Site Elements

  • Social Widgets

AngularJS rules only by 0.4% in ongoing JavaScript-based web services, in comparison to React. 'While AngularJS is still useful in some enterprise-scale organizational IT scenarios given their CI/CD scale, ReactJS is a more one-size-fits-all frontend solution for the needs of modern web apps that use emerging technologies.', signed-off Chowdhuri.

To truly leverage the ever-evolving might of a multi-paradigm programming language like JavaScript, businesses must evaluate the pros and cons of using a certain framework on a use case basis. However, JavaScript’s malleability allows you to mix and match one and more of these frameworks for a truly unique and powerful web service performance. By narrowing down the scope of requirements to the absolute use of case-based necessities, you can save yourself and your organization a lot of time by choosing a complementarily useful JavaScript framework, instead of laboring behind outdated JavaScript framework and scripting lexicon.

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